The paralysis of US ports has had an impact on the global logistics chain. Sino-US export freight has been affected by the chain.

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SMM News: in recent months, due to the substantial increase in U. S. imports from Asia, the throughput of ports on the east and west coasts of the United States has also risen to an all-time high. However, the lack of logistics equipment, storage space and personnel has caused congestion in many major ports in the United States, and a large number of container ships have been delayed to arrive at the port, which has also affected the US inland logistics chain and affected US agricultural exports.

At the same time, many Chinese ports are facing the dilemma of "one box is difficult to find" due to the hindrance of global container turnover. The ports of the United States are seriously congested. Imports from Asia, America's two busiest container ports, Los Angeles and long Beach, have been growing at more than 20 per cent a month since August, with record throughput in October.

Non-vessel carriers responsible for container cargo, packing, unpacking and inland transport said their bookings remained strong as of the end of November and were expected to continue into the Chinese Lunar New year in February. The sharp increase in imports is due, on the one hand, to the massive import and hoarding of goods by US retailers such as Amazon, Wal-Mart and Best Buy on the eve of the Christmas season, and partly due to the gradual opening of the blockade caused by the novel coronavirus epidemic at the beginning of the year. Companies began to refill their inventory of goods and import large quantities of personal protective goods.

However, such a sharp increase in imports has exceeded the carrying capacity of American ports, leading to congestion at maritime terminals and affecting the operation of the overall supply chain in the United States. According to the global liner performance report of Marine Intelligence Maritime Analysis, the punctuality rate of ships in Asian-North American trade fell 14 percentage points month-on-month in October, compared with 32.1% on the west coast and 34.5% on the east coast of the United States. The reason is that shipping companies have rapidly expanded their capacity to meet the growing demand for freight, leading to increased congestion at the ports of Los Angeles and long Beach.

The California trucking Association and the American Port trucking Association said last week that 10 to 15000 containers were stranded at the ports of Los Angeles and long Beach alone, leaving cargo transport at the two ports "almost completely paralyzed". As of Monday, more than 20 container ships were still stranded in the two ports, according to the Southern California Marine Exchange. There are many reasons for port congestion, such as: health and safety measures during the novel coronavirus epidemic (reducing staffing and maintaining social distance) make it take more time to transport containers out of the port; there is a shortage of chassis vehicles in some docks, which makes it difficult to unload and transfer goods quickly; a large number of terminals lack skilled labor, and the speed of training terminal equipment operators is far less than the growth rate of the number of goods.

The shortage of storage space has led to a large number of container goods being stranded outside the wharf and warehouse, which in turn has led to an increase in the time for empty containers and chassis vehicles to return to the terminal, further aggravating the shortage of chassis vehicles and empty containers in the terminal. "if some part of the supply chain gets into trouble, we all feel the problem on the dock because everything will eventually affect the shipping terminal." Said Alan McCorkle, president of Yusen Wharf in Los Angeles. Such congestion is most severe in the ports of Los Angeles and long Beach, and as imports from Asia continue to increase, so does the port of New Jersey in New York.

Congestion in many ports around the world In fact, the deterioration in shipping efficiency is not confined to the United States. "in essence, the reliability of global shipping has plummeted since August, and the market has not experienced such a rapid deterioration since we began making detailed measurements in 2011," according to maritime intelligence analysts. "

Globally, the punctuality rate of global shipping companies reached an all-time low of 52.4% in October, down 3.6 percentage points from the previous month and 26.7 percentage points from a year earlier. The global average delay in October was 4.86 days, up from 4.11 days in October last year. Felixstow, Britain's largest container port, has also faced congestion in recent months.

The port of Felixstow said in its operating report that the huge volume of imports "will continue until at least December and may continue into the new year." On the one hand, Brexit has a growing negative impact on cross-border logistics; on the other hand, the British government has 11000 containers of personal protective equipment in the port, which complicates the congestion problem. As a result of port congestion, several carriers have raised congestion surcharges at ports from China to the United Kingdom and the United States.

The business of American agricultural exporters has been affected by the chain. The blockage of the ports of Los Angeles and long Beach in the United States has led to delays in the arrival of ships at other ports, which has led to the normal operation of the overall supply chain in the United States. A number of agricultural exporters, including California, say their ability to serve overseas customers is threatened by shipping delays.

The port of Oakland, the export gateway favored by agricultural traders in central California, is now being hit by supply chain disruptions. As the Spring Festival approaches, exporters of almonds and walnuts are particularly worried because it is their peak export season. Darren Rigg, sales manager of Minturn Nuts, an almond exporter, said: "20 per cent of my exports have been delayed." He said more and more ships that were supposed to leave Oakland next week had to be delayed until two to three weeks later.

In addition to nuts, dairy exports have also been affected. Elena Asher (Elena Asher), assistant director of export logistics for (Dairy Farmers of America), an American dairy company that specializes in dry milk and frozen cheese shipments, said she had contacted representatives of shipping companies about increasing shipping delays and the lack of dry and refrigerated containers. "the biggest problem is that these ships have not left Southern California for a long time," said Ed Nick (Ed DeNike), president of SSA Terminals.

He pointed out that due to traffic jams in Southern California, the arrival of ships at the port of Oakland may be delayed by a week. Peter Schneider (Peter Schneider), vice president of freight company TGS Logistics, said port congestion is having a growing knock-on effect on the inland supply chain. Mr.

Schneider said he had to double his container storage space in Oakland because the shipping company would either refuse to accept all exports or change the date to receive them because of delays in the arrival of shipments. this has had a big impact on exporters' services to overseas buyers. It is difficult to get a container in Chinese ports. On the one hand, American agricultural exporters have been delayed due to ship delays, while Chinese exports have been restricted by a shortage of containers.

According to carriers, a large number of containers have been stranded at major ports in Britain and the United States, which has affected global container turnover, with a serious shortage of empty containers in Asian ports. so that it is sometimes difficult for carriers to guarantee that customer equipment can be loaded at Asian loading ports. Several NVOCC said the shortage of containers in Asia was so severe, especially in China's Xiamen, Ningbo and Shanghai ports, that some ships could not leave Asia with full capacity. One carrier said carriers had made every effort to bring empty containers back to Asia from the US.

These include reducing free storage time in US warehouses, refusing export bookings to quickly transport empty containers back to Asia, and relocating empty containers to Asia from other trade routes.

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